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Moss thrives in damp shady conditions and in thatchy lawns.  Treating with a moss control and scarifying helps to alleviate the problem but it’s cause needs to be investigated.  Poor drainage is a major cause and that could be brought about by a build-up of surface thatch in the lawn, heavy clay soil or as a result of soil compaction.  You need to create the right grass and soil conditions to help stop it re-occurring.  


Common terms explained

All grass forms a layer of dead plant material, known as thatch (old grass stems),between the grass blades and the soil. When thatch gets too thick (deeper than 1/2 inch) it prevents water and nutrients from penetrating to the soil and grass roots. Some varieties of grass tend to form a thicker layer of thatch than others. Scarification can be used to remove thatch and create a better environment within which the grass and roots can grow.

In a healthy lawn, micro organisms and earthworms help keep the thatch layer in balance by decomposing it and releasing the nutrients into the soil.

Surface Thatch Build-Up

Scarifying should be a regular treatment for a lawn.  This mechanical treatment removes surface thatch which itself is a major cause of moss growth.  Whilst not it’s primary role, scarifying will also remove old and dying moss growth and is especially effective after a dedicated moss control application.  After scarifying, water, oxygen and nutrients can more easily reach the base of the grass plant and promotes healthy growth.  

The treatment we provide differs from raking either with a hand rake or most domestic lawn rake machines because heavy blades are used to remove thatch and it is a much more vigorous and thorough treatment.


Lawns, whether compacted or not, benefit from aeration.  Mechanical aeration creates air spaces and reinvigorates the soil allowing oxygen, water and nutrients to more easily penetrate the soil to the roots where it is needed most.


Weeds, Diseases and pests

Top Dressing

The main purpose of top dressing is to improve the make-up of the soil.  This might be to assist poorly draining soil by the addition of sand or, to improve lighter sandy soils by adding organic dressings to help the soil retain water and nutrients. It will encourage new basal growth of the grass plants giving a thicker sward of grass

There are many types of weeds found on the domestic lawn including creeping thistle, buttercup, plantain, daisy, dandelion and clover. Left untreated they will thrive to the detriment of the grass.  Regular lawn fertiliser applications and removal of these and other weed types will give your lawn a healthier look and feel which is what most people want to achieve.

Similarly there are numerous diseases and disorders that affect domestic lawns.  The most common are Red Thread, Fusarium Patch, Slime Mould, Brown Patch and Leaf Spot.  Again we can provide specialist help and treatments.

Less common are problem pests such as Leatherjackets (Crane Fly larvae) and Chafer Grubs.  Both feed on the roots of grasses with the former likely to show damaging signs in spring and the latter in August/September due to the larvae pupating at different times.